Understanding Effective Learning According to Experts

Understanding Effective Learning According to Experts
In carrying out activities it should be effective, which means the activity must produce positive effects and impacts. In the Big Indonesian Dictionary it is stated that effective means that there is an effect (effect, effect, impression), effective or efficacious, can bring results. So effective is the suitability of the person carrying out the task with the intended target. Effective relating to the implementation of all the main tasks, the achievement of objectives, timeliness, and the active participation of members.
Understanding Learning. Learning is a complex activity and occurs in every human being from birth. The learning process can occur because of an element of intentional or unintentional. According to Oemar Hamalik on Learning Journal is modification or reinforce behavior through experience. Learning is a process or activity and not an outcome or goal. Learning is changing the behavior of children, so it is about the child's personal formation. The expected results are not only knowledge, but also attitudes, understanding, expansion of interests, respect for norms, skills covering the whole person of the child.
Effective learning is a learning that allows students or students to learn specific skills, knowledge, and attitudes also make students happy. Effective learning fosters students learning something useful, such as facts, skills, value concepts and how to live in harmony with others or the desired learning outcomes. The needs and expectations of the community for good quality education services are the main triggering factors for educational management innovation.
School effectiveness and School-Based Quality Improvement Management is partly determined by the ability of schools to communicate with the above agencies. Effective School. According to Sudarwan Danim as a basic measure, the following criteria for effective schooling are presented: Having high and clear work standards for what each student must know and be able to do something. Encourage activities, understanding multiculturalism, gender equality, and developing learning appropriately according to the potential standards of students. Expect students to take responsibility roles in their learning and behavior.
Have an instrument of evaluation and assessment of student achievement related to student standards (Learner standards), determine meaningful feedback for students, families, staff, and the environment about student learning. Use learning methods that are rooted in educational research and sound professional practice. Organizing schools and classes to create an environment that is supportive for learning activities. Democratic decision making and accountability for student success and user satisfaction. Creating a sense of security, mutual respect, and effective environment.
Have high expectations for all staff to grow their professional abilities and improve their practical skills. Actively involving families in helping students achieve success. Collaborate or partner with the community and other parties to support students and their families. Efforts to Improve the Effectiveness of Teaching. Many factors cause inefficient teaching because each instructor has its own advantages and disadvantages. According to Joan Midden-fort in Soekartawi giving advice on how to improve teaching effectiveness, namely: Prepare everything well, Create motivation in class, Grow dynamics and enthuism in the instructor, Create opportunities to communicate with students, Continue to improve the content or quality of teaching materials. Thus the article discusses effective learning, effective school criteria, how to improve learning effectiveness. This article was created with the aim of increasing your insight, and hopefully this article can be useful as a reference for your reference.

Emotional Intelligence and Self Control

Emotional Intelligence and Self Control
1. Definition of Emotion. Emotions are all kinds of feelings that exist in a person. Emotions have a large role in the dynamics of the soul and control one's behavior. Samsu Yusuf gave the following example: a. Emotions can strengthen morale when someone feels satisfied and happy for the results achieved. b. Emotions can weaken the spirit if there is a sense of disappointment over failure. c. Emotions can inhibit or interfere with the concentration of learning when there is failure, tension such as nervous feelings for example. d. Emotions can interfere with social adjustments, such as jealousy and jealousy. e. Emotional mood experienced in childhood will affect his attitude both towards yourself and towards others.
2. Definition of Emotional Intelligence. Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize one's own feelings, the feelings of others, the ability to motivate yourself and the ability to manage emotions well in yourself and in relationships with others. Emotional Intelligence or Emotional Quotient (EQ) increasingly needs to be examined because human life is increasingly complex. The complexity of human life has a negative impact on the emotional life of individuals, Daniel Goleman on Indonesian Journal survey results show the same tendency throughout the world, that the current generation has more emotional difficulties than the previous generation. They are more lonely and penurene, more violent and less respectful manners, more nervous, easily anxious, more explosive (impulsive and regressive).
Goleman also found that many people fail in their lives not because of their low intellectual intelligence, but because they lack emotional intelligence. Conversely, not a few people who succeed in life despite his average IQ, but high emotional intelligence. Jeanne Seagel cited several cases of the role of EQ in a person, namely: The Ana case, illustrates that people with low EQ are consequently difficult to get along with and are lonely. Hilman's case, the IQ is high but the EQ is low. He just became a baker. The case of Tono, a dentist who is often abandoned by his patients because he is fussy and often speaks harshly. The Doctor's EQ is very low. EQ or emotional intelligence that grows, fostered, learned through the learning process and responded through life experiences from someone born to death. The growth and development of EQ can be influenced by the environment both family and community environment.
According to Daniel Goleman, there are several abilities that cause a person to have a high EQ. These abilities are: The ability to understand or recognize one's emotions, that is self-awareness to recognize feelings when they occur. The ability to manage emotions, which is able to handle feelings so that feelings can be expressed appropriately. The ability to motivate yourself, namely the ability to organize emotions to achieve goals, always convince yourself to keep trying, remain passionate and enthusiastic about everything we want to achieve. The ability to recognize other people's emotions, the ability to empathize with others.
The ability to build relationships, the ability to be able to transmit positive feelings to others. Someone who is emotionally unintelligent usually: Be aggressive. Tend to think negatively. Lazy and prefers to do activities to please themselves excessively. More selfish (selfish). Not able to set goals. Anxious and depressed quickly. Withdraw from relationships. Like to take advantage of the weaknesses of others. Impolite. Lack of confidence. Someone who is emotionally troubled will certainly be difficult to learn something. Angry, stressed and depressed teenagers are usually lazy to open up and receive new learning experiences.
Do you think you are emotionally intelligent ??? 3. Self Control. The ultimate goal of self-control is to achieve success or success. The journey of life is very dynamic, sometimes winding, hunting or climbing. Such life fields require us to master a number of life competencies, including self-control. a. Mood control. The heart or heart is the center of the soul's strength. Mood is very easy to change, in line with the dynamics of life experienced by someone. The heart will determine whether someone becomes noble or despicable. The heart / qolbu that guides our body ... Controlling the heart means always cleansing the heart / qolbu so that it always radiates gratitude, humility, love and optimism. b. Control of mind and vision. The thinking dimension will produce results or determinants of one's attitude and behavior. Someone who has the perception / right thoughts (positive) will form a process (activity) that is also true (positive). Of course the end result is also true (positive). Mind control can be done by watching what is the most content in our minds (what subject dominates the mind?). The mind is only busy with oneself, this is an indicator of selfishness.

The Dual Role of Women in Supporting the Economy

The Dual Role of Women in Supporting the Economy
Speaking of multiple roles, housewives who decide to work in the public sector are women who are prepared in whatever consequences will be faced in family life and in the community. Seeing the existing conditions, in living their lives, they still carry out their duties as a good housewife and carry out domestic work, such as washing, cooking, ironing, bathing children and so forth. however, outside her domestic duties as a housewife, she continues to carry out her responsibilities as a worker in the public sector.
All work is carried out at one time and women who have multiple roles must be able to divide their time between work inside the house and work outside the home in accordance with their respective professions. The division of labor within the family can reduce the burden borne by female workers. The amount of energy and thought expended by women at work requires more rest periods for recovery of their physical and psychological conditions. Effect double role conflict on performance work, the division of tasks in the family will reduce women's work hours so that more women will use their time at home to rest. In helping to meet the economic needs of the family, there are several factors that generally occur in wives in this area, including: the husband's income is still not able to meet the needs of the family, so the wife will work more to help meet household needs.
That is, when the husband's income is relatively small, the wife's decision to work is relatively large. The influence of the number of dependents on the family (children's school education dependents) as well as household needs, makes the greater participation of women to try to meet family needs, ranging from children's school needs, kitchen costs, basic needs and others. So, in essence at this time the involvement of women in the public sector is common, there are women who are full working outside the home with men.
There are also some others who choose to work part time or make their homes as the center of women's activities to make a living, such as selling. Working part time or full, means that women have played a role as family breadwinners, even though the involvement of women in the production sector does not have the same effect on husbands in caring for families and children. As an informant who is willing to interview researchers, revealed that SS (a housewife who works part time and opens a stall business and works as a foreign domestic worker) In the division of time. Every morning before leaving for work, the women perform their duties as housewives who take care of all domestic work.
Based on Robert Linton's Role Theory, describes social interactions in the terminology of actors who play according to what is determined by culture. In accordance with this theory, role expectations are shared understandings that lead us to behave in everyday life. it is very clear that the women carry out their roles in accordance with the culture that is constructed by the community, because generally the female conductor only takes care of the household.
Therefore, before he carries out his duties as a public worker, he must carry out his role first as a wife and mother for his children. As stated by BR (IRT informant who works as a teacher): If the wife does not carry out her role and function, it is very easy for disharmonies to occur in the family. Because not all men can do the work of housewives.
Based on the results of interviews conducted on female workers, it can be seen that at home there are female workers who carry out domestic work together with their husbands and children, but there are also female workers who do all the housework by themselves without any assistance from their husband or children, so they experience a double workload, namely working in the home industry and also doing all household work at home. While other research subjects stated that homework was carried out together with other family members. as stated by BR on homework that can be done together.

Stress and Menstruation are Relational

Stress and Menstruation are Relational
Late stress and menstruation are often associated with each other. Irregular or late menstruation can indeed be caused by health problems. Then what about psychological disorders? Is it true that stress can affect menstruation? Find out the answer below, yes! What is the normal menstrual cycle? Menstrual cycles are different for each woman, sometimes on schedule and sometimes irregularly. On average, menstruation (menstruation, which is a period when a woman experiences bleeding) in women takes place every day from 21 to 35 in one of your menstrual cycles.
The duration of menstruation usually lasts around three to five days. Irregular periods may occur for several reasons, including stress and certain health conditions. Stress and menstruation are interrelated. Some women may experience irregular periods or stop menstruating, usually as a result of certain medications. Conditions such as excessive exercise, underweight, or lack of calorie food intake can also inhibit the smooth ovulation in a woman's body. Another possible cause is the effect of hormonal imbalance.
For example, abnormalities of the thyroid gland can cause irregular periods if the level of thyroid hormone in the blood becomes too low or too high Late or irregular periods can be caused by stress. You may not realize it, but stress disrupts hormones throughout the body, including the menstrual signaling hormone, estrogen. The hormone that plays a role in the emergence of stress is the hormone cortisol. Cortisol can also inhibit the course of ovulation in your body. With the decrease in the hormone estrogen for ovulation, your periods are delayed. When stress increases, it is possible that your menstrual periods have stopped temporarily.
This temporary cessation of menstruation is also known as secondary amenorrhea. What is secondary amenorrhea? Secondary amenorrhea is a condition in which menstrual periods stop for more than three or six months, where men have previously experienced menstruation. This is usually caused by hormonal imbalances. Sometimes, excessive or reduced estrogen levels in the body can be the cause of menstruation so irregular. In addition, unhealthy lifestyles that trigger stress can also make you not menstruate regularly.
Then, how to deal with stress and late menstruation? Stress can affect the part of the brain responsible for producing hormones. Then, this hormone can reduce levels of menstrual hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. Therefore, you must first eliminate stress from your mind. Reducing stress levels can help your body return to normal menstrual periods. In addition, if you cannot cope with stress alone, you can talk or consult with a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Later, the psychiatrist will understand the problem that causes your stress by using antidepressant or anti-anxiety medications. These drugs can help overcome problems and reduce stress. Eating healthy foods such as vegetables and fruit can also make the hormone cortisol reduce stress. Try also sports like jogging or meditation. Both of these can increase the hormone oxytocin which can make you happy and happy, and free from stress.

Changes in Complexity of Paths Using Dijkstra's Algorithm

Changes in Complexity of Paths Using Dijkstra's Algorithm
Business travel encountered many problems in the process of shipping goods. Waste of time and operational costs are also the main effects that occur from the process of sending goods based on the order of the shipping list. Another impact that occurred was that the delivery target that should have been able to be carried out in one day could be more. The picture of waste of time and operational costs is that in the same time flow can be sent two addresses, but the clerk did not pay attention to it. From the research conducted, by determining the required variables, among others, the Type of Direction, Congestion Level, Road Width, Road Conditions, Road Volume, Distance, Number of Deviations, the conclusions that can be drawn are that an effective alternative route is generated by taking into account Type of Direction
Congestion Level, Road Width, Road Conditions, Road Volume, Distance, Number of Deviations. The number of deviations affects the length also because each intersection is possible with a traffic light which certainly takes up time. Damaged road conditions also affect the speed of arrival to the destination, the number of damaged or potholed roads affects the slowness of the trip. Likewise the type of direction of the road (both directions and two directions), where the direction of the road will affect the faster travel. that the shortest route priority is not only influenced by one distance variable, but the more variables that influence the shortest route choice the better. Thus the application of Djikstras Algorithm by determining the variables gives good results in determining the shortest route in the delivery of goods. In this case, we will determine which way to go so that we can find the destination with the shortest distance.
Changes in the complexity of the path on the internet in line with the increasing development of the internet. So that network flow optimization becomes a major problem related to the selection of the shortest route (routing protocol) behind the complexity of the path on the WAN. The algorithm used in the routing protocol is designed to have the ability to find the shortest route. With the development of various algorithms at this time, whether the shortest route determination algorithm on graphs like A * can be applied to determine the shortest route on the network.
The focus of this research is to find out and compare the computational process in finding the shortest route with the Dijkstra algorithm and the A * algorithm to reduce network workload. The study was conducted by simulating a mesh topology using fiber links. Based on the simulation results it can be seen that the A * algorithm has fewer computing processes and the resulting distance is shorter than the Dijkstra algorithm.
Therefore, the A * algorithm can be considered an algorithm in the routing protocol. Problems in finding the shortest path along with the shortest time savings. This has become important in the dynamics of urban society. The number of routes taken is also a separate issue to reach its destination. We will determine which points must be traversed so as to get the destination with the shortest distance and the shortest use of time using the Dijkstra algorithm.
The search for the shortest path is an optimization problem. Values on the graph side can be expressed as distances between cities. The shortest path can be interpreted as the process of minimizing the weight on the track. To overcome this problem, we need a simulation that can help determine the shortest path. Dijkstra's algorithm can also be said as the Greedy algorithm which in this discussion is able to make it easier for us to find the shortest route and become more effective.

Fermentation of Soy Tempeh Against Soybean Seeds or Some Other Ingredients

Fermentation of Soy Tempeh Against Soybean Seeds or Some Other Ingredients
Tempe is a food that is popular throughout the world. Although it is a simple food, tempeh has or contains a high source of vegetable protein. Tempe is food made from fermented soybean seeds or some other material that uses several types of Rhizopus nuts, such as Rhizopus oligosporus, Rh. oryzae, Rh. stolonifer (mold of bread), or Rh. arrhizus, thus forming a compact white solid. This fermentation preparation is commonly known as tempe yeast. The white color of tempeh is caused by the fungus mycelia growing on the surface of soybean seeds.
Compact texture is also caused by a fungus that connects the soybean seeds. Lots of fungi are active during fermentation, but generally researchers consider that Rhizopus sp is the most dominant fungus. The fungus that grows on soybean produces enzymes that can remodel complex organic compounds into simpler compounds so that these compounds can quickly be used by the body. Tempe is widely consumed in the world, but now it is worldwide. Vegetarians throughout the world have used tempeh as a substitute for meat. As a result, tempeh is now produced in many places in the world, not only in some countries.
Various studies in a number of countries, such as Germany, Japan, and the United States. Addition of soybean tempe, Also now trying to develop superior strains (Rhizopus) to produce tempe that is faster, quality, or improve the nutritional content of tempe. Some parties are concerned that this activity could threaten the existence of tempe as a food ingredient in the public sector because superior tempeh yeast lines can be registered with patents so that their use is protected by law (requires a license from the patent holder). Rhizopus oryzae mushroom is a fungus that is often used in making tempeh (Soetrisno, 1996).
Rhizopus oryzae mushrooms are safe for consumption because they do not produce toxins and are able to produce lactic acid (Purwoko and Pamudyanti, 2004). Rhizopus oryzae mushroom has the ability to break down complex fats into triglycerides and amino acids (Septiani, 2004). Besides the fungus Rhizopus oryzae is able to produce proteases (Margiono, 1992). According to Sorenson and Hesseltine (1986), Rhizopus sp grows well in the pH range of 3.4-6. In the study the longer the fermentation time, the pH of tempeh increased to pH 8.4, so that the fungus decreases because high pH is not suitable for fungal growth. In general, mushrooms also need water for growth, but mushroom water needs are less than bacteria.
In addition to pH and water content that is not suitable for fungal growth, the amount of nutrients in the material, also needed by the fungus. Soybean or Glycine max (L) Merr belongs to the Leguminoceae family, a sub family of Papilionaceae, genus Glycine max, derived from a species of soybeans called Glycine unriensis (Samsudin, 1985). According to Ketaren (1986), physically each soybean is different in terms of color, size and chemical composition. These physical and chemical differences are influenced by the variety and the conditions under which the soybean is cultivated. Soybean seeds are composed of three main components, namely seed husk, meat (cotyledons), and hypocotyl in a ratio of 8: 90: 2.
While the chemical composition of soybeans (Snyder and Kwon, 1987). Figure 2.1. Soybean Plants and Seeds (Anonymous, 2009) Food fermentation is the result of activities of several microbial species such as bacteria, yeast and mold. Fermentation microbes that provide the desired results can be distinguished from microbes that cause disease and cause damage. Fermented microbes bring the desired end result, for example bacteria will produce lactic acid, yeast produces alcohol, mold produces tempeh (Muchtadi; 1989).

Understanding Corruption and Factors Cause Corruption

Understanding Corruption and Factors Cause Corruption
Understanding Corruption in General, According to Experts and Laws - Corruption or rasuah is the act of public officials, both politicians and public servants, as well as other parties involved in such actions that unreasonably and illegally abuse the trust of the public that is authorized to them to obtain one-sided advantage. The word corruption comes from the Latin "corruptio" or corruptus which means rotten, damaged, shaken, twisted, bribed. According to linguists, corruptio comes from the verb corrumpere, an older Latin word.
The word then decreases the terms corruption, corrups (English), corruption (French), corruptie / korruptie (Dutch) and corruption. In a broad sense, corruption or political corruption is the abuse of official office for personal gain. All forms of government throughout the world are prone to corruption in practice. The severity of corruption certainly varies, from the lightest in the form of the use of influence and support to give and receive help, to the formidable form of corruption. The tipping point for corruption is kleptocracy, which means the literal meaning of government by thieves, where even pretending to act honestly does not exist at all. In political science, “Corruption in Positive Law?” corruption is defined as misuse of office and administration, economics or politics, whether caused by oneself or others, aimed at obtaining personal gain, thereby causing harm to the general public, companies, or other individuals.
From an economic point of view, economists use a more concrete definition. Corruption is defined as a beneficial exchange (between achievement and contra-achievement, material or non-material rewards), which occurs silently and voluntarily, which violates the prevailing norms, and at least constitutes an abuse of office or authority of one of the parties involved in public and private fields. 1. Understanding Corruption.
Corruption is the act of someone who misuse trust in a problem or organization to get profit. Acts of corruption is due to several factors that occur within the community. 2. Factors that cause corruption. There are 2 factors causing corruption, namely: A. Internal factors. B. external factors Internal factors are a trait that originates from ourselves. There are several factors that exist in these internal factors, including:
1. Greediness. Greed is a trait that is owned by humans, every day humans must want more needs, and always less for something to get. Eventually this greedy character emerges in a person to have something more corrupt.
2. Consumptive lifestyle. This consumptive lifestyle is felt by human beings in the world, where humans must have their respective needs and to meet those needs humans must consume these needs, with these behaviors can not be balanced with the opinions obtained which ultimately resulted in acts of corruption.
External factors. In general, many causes of corruption also come from external factors, these factors include:
1. political factors. This political factor is one of the external factors in the occurrence of acts of corruption. In a politics there will be a competition in gaining power. Every human being competes for higher power, in various ways they do to occupy that position. Finally, there were acts of corruption or bribery in getting power.
2. legal factors. This legal factor is one of the external factors in the occurrence of acts of corruption. We can know in our own country that the law is now blunted upward taper down. In the law itself there are many weaknesses in overcoming a problem. It has been proven that many practices of bribery bribing legal institutions occur in overcoming a problem. So in this case it can be seen that the practice of corruption is very likely to occur because of its many weaknesses in a law that discriminates against a problem.
3. economic factors. This economic factor is very clear as a cause of acts of corruption. Human life certainly requires needs especially with economic needs that are very important for humans. Even leaders or rulers have the opportunity if they have power very much want to fulfill their wealth. In other cases there are many employees whose salaries are not in accordance with what they are doing, and finally when there is an opportunity, they are encouraged to commit corruption.
4. organizational factors. This organizational factor is an external factor that causes corruption. Somewhere there must be an organization that stands, usually acts of corruption that occur in this organization is the weakness of the organizational structure, rules that are declared unfavorable, then lack of firmness in a leader. In an organizational structure, an act of corruption will occur if there is no honesty and self-awareness in each structure or member.